the magnificence of snow covered forests or sparkling grasslands sometimes makes us forget how dangerous winter is. From 2006 to 2010, about 2000 U.S. residents die each year from weather related causes of death. Winter is the deadliest season, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Freezing temperatures can bring special conditions and dangers, which can lead to injury or even death. Prepare for dangerous winter conditions and make those you care about safer by familiarizing yourself with specific injuries that only occur in winter.
Credit: iStock / Jeff age
1. When carbon monoxide is poisoned, try to keep warm
carbon monoxide, or Co, which is a stove, lantern, gas stove, portable generator, burning charcoal and wood. It can accumulate in a closed space, poisoning people or animals by inhalation. According to the CDC, every year in the United States, more than 20000 people enter the hospital emergency room due to accidental carbon monoxide poisoning, and nearly 500 people die. Nearly two-thirds of the accidents occurred between November and February, when people turned on furnaces and portable heaters or used portable gas-fired generators during the winter snowstorm and power failure. Anyone can inhale carbon monoxide poisoning, but very young, very old and people with chronic heart disease, anemia or respiratory problems are at greatest risk. Keep yourself and your loved ones safe and get a carbon monoxide alert. Never use a gas stove or stove for heating. When using, the gas generator should be at least 20 feet away from the house. In case of accidental carbon monoxide poisoning, know the most common symptoms, including headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, chest pain and mental disorder. If you suspect carbon monoxide poisoning, leave the area immediately in exchange for better ventilation and call 911 or go to the emergency room.
correlation: livestargo carbon monoxide poisoning center : paulmaguri / istcok / Getty image H3> 2. Heart attacks caused by snow shoveling
stress and sprains are not the only risks that snow shoveling may pose (see slide 10). Mikhail varshavski, a family and sports medicine expert at summit, New Jersey, found a surge in heart attacks when it snowed in the winter and many people were forced to leave sidewalks and driveways. He and other doctors often warn the elderly or people with heart disease (even those who think they may have heart disease) not to shovel snow. In addition to the heavy work required to shovel snow, cold outdoor temperatures actually increase the risk of a heart attack. Cold constricts the arteries of the body, which in turn increases blood pressure. 'it's important to listen to your body,' Mr. vashavski said. If you find any unusual feelings - including chest pressure or discomfort; discomfort with one or both arms, back, neck, chin or stomach; shortness of breath, even if there is no chest discomfort; cold sweat; nausea or dizziness - call 911 immediately. If you have risk factors for heart attack, such as high cholesterol, peripheral arterial disease (PAD), or middle-aged and elderly people, don't shovel snow. Instead, ask a neighbor's teen or local snow sweeper to clean up your sidewalk and driveway.
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3. Zibora shohos, a certified dermatologist and doctor of medicine at the Rapaport dermatology board in Beverly Hills, California, said: 'alcohol related hypothermia may temporarily warm you, but alcohol will allow your body to transfer blood from the core to the skin. This will eventually lower your core temperature, which is very dangerous when it freezes outside. 'drinking too much can also give you a false bluff, damage your judgment, cause you to dress less warmly or get lost,' Mr. shojos said. Losing consciousness outside is another dangerous possibility. " "Alcohol can make you lose balance and responsiveness," she said. If you fall into snow or ice water, you may not come back. Stick with friends, dress warm on cold nights, and have a planned way home. "
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4. Icicles that are injured or killed
hanging from buildings and other structures can be pleasant winter landscapes, but can also be deadly. A half pound icicle can fall from a tall building or high wire at speeds of 80 to 90 miles per hour and exert 1000 pounds of force on any object (or person) hit. But falling from a short distance can cause damage or injury. Avoid walking where there may be icicles. Not only will the icicles fall, but the weight of the icicles will cause gutters, awnings and decorative buildings to collapse. Strong winds or slight warming increase the risk of icicles falling. Caution warning signs to avoid any street or pedestrian route being closed due to ice threat. If you want to remove the icicles from your home, rather than risking your own and others' safety, the Pittsburgh building inspection authority recommends hiring a properly trained and equipped contractor to handle this dangerous task.
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CRE aligns in the neck and back," he said. When snow and ice are on the ground, take some precautions to reduce the risk of slipping. Take your time, always give yourself extra time to do what you want, and put on the right shoes, Dr. Birkin said. Avoid high heels or flats. Another option is for shoes or boots to be non slip, grooved bottom traction. Take small steps or shuffle for stability. Take special care when getting in and out of the car, and use the vehicle as support when getting out of the car. If you find yourself falling, try to avoid kneeling on the knee, wrist or spine, and try to fall on the fleshy part of your body, such as your side. If you can avoid tension and limping to reduce the risk of injury deterioration, you will also be better off.
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10. According to the national electronic injury monitoring system of the Consumer Product Safety Commission, in 2014, due to snow plowingAbout 48000 people were treated in the emergency room of the hospital for injuries caused by artificial snow shoveling or deicing. But Curtis Cunningham, a physical therapist and project manager for outpatient rehabilitation at Sinai Hospital in Baltimore, says you can take precautions to avoid hurting yourself. Give yourself enough time to finish the work so you don't feel nervous physically or emotionally. Warm up before shoveling and stretch your arms, legs and back. Make sure that the shovel and handle you use match your size, Cunningham said. "The closer the shovel gets to your body, the easier and lighter it will be," he said. If the handle is too long, it will be further away from your body, and each load will be heavier than needed, "you should only bend your knees to shovel snow, not your back." "The back doesn't respond well to a lot of twisting movements, especially when carrying heavy things like shovels and snow," Cunningham said. After shovel, often rest and do some quick stretching exercises.
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What do you think? What's your opinion on these hazards in winter? Have you or someone you know experienced any of the listed injuries? What's up? How to deal with the situation? Can you think of other winter injuries that are not included? Share your story with the livestrong.com community in the comments below.
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